Hydrology, sediment transport and erosion in Longyeardalen (Research in Svalbard RiS ID 11641)
This is a long term monitoring program in collaboration with Longyearbyen Lokalstyre and students from various Norwegian universities
The monitoring was initiated in 2018 and continues to run thanks to support of UNIS BSc course (AG221) and MSc program
The project includes:
1. Hydrological monitoring of Longyearelva (so far 2018 - 2022 and ongoing)
2. Investigation of suspended sediment and bedload transport in Longyearelva (so far in 2019, 2020, 2021)
3. Investigation of riverbed erosion (so far in 2019, 2020, 2021)
4. Identification and monitoring of geohazards in Longyeardalen
5. Investigation of erosion in Longyeardalen (so far in 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022)
6. Creation of 3D models (DEM) of Longyearelva as well as Larsbreen and Longyearbreen margins, moraines and their forefields
A monitoring station is established every melt season since 2018 at the bridge on the north side of Longyearelva by the entrance to the fjord (see picture to the right)
The station consists of a data logger recording hourly values of water level in Longyearelva from the very beginning of snowmelt in June until the freeze-up in October.
In addition to freshwater discharge, water quality is monitored by hourly recordings of electrical conductivity.
In the picture to the left two UNIS and NTNU MSc students Lene Pallesen and Marthe Ottem are getting ready to set up the monitoring station in June 2021. They were responsible for maintenance and data collection throughout the summer as part of their MSc thesis projects
Monitoring of suspended sediment transport and bedload transport
To know how much fine suspended sediments is being moved every summer by Longyearelva, water samples are taken four times a day with the use of the automatic pump sampler
After collection, the water is filtered and sediment dried and weighted.
Knowing water discharge (runoff) allows to quantify daily sediment fluxes from Longyeardalen, as well as total annual sediment transport into Adventfjorden.
Lene and Marthe, MSc students, installing pressure transducer measuring water level (June 2021)
Red rocks are placed in the river to monitor bedload transport
The rocks are sorted according to size and every row consist of a different size of rocks.
The biggest rocks are usually placed up stream while the smallest downstream
During the summer water moves these rocks, and their movements depend on the river discharge
At the end of the summer the relocation of rocks is measured and erosive power of the river is estimated.